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Acute Global Food Insecurity Amidst The Pandemic



Global Food

The world has been going through a global food insecurity dilemma for many decades. Experts have warned about the expected droughts and desertification of land, accompanied by the rapidly growing climate change. The most dangerous issue in this regard is food scarcity in the developing and underdeveloped countries, especially in parts of Africa and Asia, where climate change is badly affecting the natural food growth patterns resulting in less production and high demand in consumption. If the world doesn’t pay heed to this issue, millions can die and plunge into deadly diseases due to a lack of survival food. 

Countries and regions that are most prone to rapid climatic changes due to global warming are worst hit by food insecurity. There is a multi-effect of global warming i.e. floods, droughts, unseasonal rainfall and destruction of plants, damage to the vegetation due to unexpected pests infestation emerging due to uneven weather patterns, and the wildfires. Along with all these is the issue of global macro-economic instability due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the subsequent incapacity to import/export foodstuff on a timely basis. Although the food crisis was rampant for the last two decades, the pandemic has intensified its manifold.

The issue of high food price inflation

Many countries are facing high food price inflations due to scarcity of imported food items due to the pandemic overhaul and lack of proper domestic production due to climate changes. The currency devaluation in the low and middle-income countries has worsened the food prices resulting in unprecedented inflation.

According to the World Bank, this condition will further increase global poverty and can impact the cognitive and physical development of children for the generations to come.

United Nations’ Report on the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (2020) revealed that 720 to 811 million people went hungry in 2020 due to the pandemic. Among these, around 118 million faced chronic hunger from 2019-2020. This is an alarming situation for world leaders.

War-torn countries are most affected

Countries like Yemen, Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan, Nigeria, and some parts of Asia like Bangladesh, Bhutan, etc., are highly affected by the food crisis. This is because of their damaged economies and the capacities to fight the pandemic and the health and food crisis at the same time. According to UNICEF, children in Yemen are facing the worst ever drought and food insecurity issue in decades which is fatal to the whole generation.

Global efforts to control the dilemma

The World Bank has been at the forefront to help mitigate the immediate effects of the food crisis by providing food for survival to the most affected regions in the world. According to their study, 48 countries are facing acute food shortages which can turn into socio-economic upheavals if not controlled on time.

The World Bank is also supporting these areas through economic sustenance and aid programs. It is urging the world to help these countries overcome the crisis which is turning into a global dilemma. 

Countries like Bhutan, Chad, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Rwanda, Haiti, India, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and the Kyrgyz Republic are being supported by the World Bank and other institutes to tackle the food insecurity issue. This is being done by updating the water infrastructures, planting trees and vegetation through artificial methods for rapid growth, fertilizer update and latest technology installment, food and ration support packages to the poor, and through financial assistance to the governments. 

Hopefully, all these efforts will reduce the effects of climate change and the subsequent food insecurity issue.


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